Merkel chides Facebook CEO over hate posts: Report

28 Sep 2015 | Author: | No comments yet »

Could the Internet eradicate poverty?.

UN SUMMIT:Wikipedia cofounder Jimmy Wales and Bono, on behalf of his One anti-poverty campaign, are among those who signed the pledge for access by 2020 Facebook Inc founder Mark Zuckerberg and Microsoft Corp billionaire Bill Gates on Saturday threw their weight behind the goal of bringing Internet access to everyone in the world by 2020.”I believe Internet access is essential for achieving humanity’s #globalgoals,” reads the Connectivity Declaration released by One and signed by several high-profile people and philanthrophic organizations, including The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. The declaration was released as the United Nations considered the Global Goals, a development blueprint aimed at solving pressing social and economic challenges. He said Facebook is partnering with the U.N. agency for refugees to bring the Internet to refugee camps. “Connectivity will help refugees better access support from the aid community and maintain their links to families,” he said.

Zuckerberg appeared at the UN this week to discuss the Internet component of those goals and explain that “connecting the world is one of the fundamental challenges of our generation.” “Today over half the people on this planet don’t have access,” Zuckerberg wrote in a joint New York Times op-ed with Bono. “That is not good for anyone — not for the disempowered and disconnected, and not for the other half, whose commerce and security depend on having stable societies.” Zuckerberg pointed to farmers in Africa who use the mobile Web to track inventory and prices, women in South America who use phones to get health information, and refugees who use smartphones to stay in touch with family during their journey to Europe. The 31-year-old entrepreneur pointed to the role of the Internet in empowering otherwise voiceless people in places such as Syria, where civil war is producing a refugee exodus. “A ‘like’ or a post won’t stop a tank or a bullet, but when people are connected, we have the chance to build a common global community with a shared understanding — and that’s a powerful force,” he said. It should be see as a necessity for development, and a tool that makes larger things possible.” Bono and Zuckerberg argue that international economic development is closely tied to global connectivity. As the first of 17 Sustainable Development Goals world leaders committed to on Friday, eliminating world poverty includes improving access to resources. “By 2030, ensure that all men and women, in particular the poor and the vulnerable, have equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to basic services, ownership and control over land and other forms of 13 property, inheritance, natural resources, appropriate new technology and financial services, including microfinance,” the UN initiative states. In developing countries, only about 35 percent of people have Internet access. “Nine out of 10 rural Africans don’t have electricity,” Zuckerberg said. “Governments can make the difference.

In Ethiopia, access to the Internet has helped farmers get better prices for their crops, track their inventory, and make insurance payments to protect their assets in case of an emergency. Jamie Drummond, global executive director of One, which spearheaded the push, called on every country to come up with an “urgent plan” to meet the access goals. Releasing the report, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said that more than $25 billion has been committed so far to meeting the goals, led by $3.3 billion from the United States and large pledges from Canada, Germany and Sweden.

The campaigners did not announce funding on their own, but the UN has said that the new global goals will cost between US$3.5 trillion and US$5 trillion per year. But Zuckerberg also highlighted Intel Foundation’s work in STEM education, Microsoft’s use of technology to advance the Millennium Development Goals, and Google’s Project Loon. But Silicon Valley must “do far more for those most marginalized, those trapped in poverty, and those beyond or on the edge of the network,” Zuckerberg and Bono wrote.

They point to a handful of government initiatives that are helping with these goals, but call for the private sector, specifically Silicon Valley tech firms, to build on that foundation: More technology companies and entrepreneurs must take more responsibility. The company is asking Internet.org users to give up their privacy and freedom of choice,” Rafael Laguna, chief executive of collaboration software provider Open-Xchange, told Venture Beat. Furthermore, critics say the internet.org program violates “net neutrality, providing limited access to sites and controlling what users can view online,” reports The Next Web.

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